Root amputation is usually done to save a diseased tooth from being extracted. It is a procedure whereby only one root is removed from a multi-root tooth. The tooth is stabilized and a crown or filling returns it back to full functionality. The molars, which are the teeth at the back of the mouth, are the teeth best suited for root amputation, as they have two or three roots, depending on their position on the upper or lower jaw. Only teeth that are otherwise healthy are candidates for root amputation.
The most common problems that root amputation help solve: Bacteria that’s embedded within the root Severe bone loss caused by periodontitis Fractured or broken teeth and roots Tooth decay that is concentrated on an area of the tooth
The procedure for root amputation is preceded by root canal treatment. Local anesthetic is applied, and the pulp of the tooth is removed. An incision is made in the gum to fully expose the roots of the tooth being worked on, and the root is sectioned off from the rest of the tooth and removed. Saline solution is used to clean the area of bacteria, and stitches are applied to repair the incision. A temporary filling or brown is then placed to secure the tooth. Antibiotics, painkillers and an anti-microbial mouthwash can be prescribed, depending on the situation. In a week or two, the gum will have healed and the stitches are removed. Your dentist will now schedule an appointment to place the permanent filling or crown.